Joel Cladouhos

Building the Alaska ‘Blue Economy’

Alaska’s blue economy leadership potential is tremendous; we maintain over half the nation’s coastline and a third of the U.S. exclusive economic zone with access to vast natural resources. The blue economy vision is that by 2040 Alaska would grow by 50,000 jobs and $3 billion in wages, approximately equal to the oil and gas industry today. Alaska’s blue economy includes existing traditional sectors such as fisheries, coastal tourism and oil and gas, as well as additional “new” blue economy sectors such as ocean technology, renewable energy and marine biotechnology. The application and commercialization of new technologies and innovation to fisheries and marine science and engineering – referred to as the new blue economy – is one of the fastest growing sectors of the global blue economy. This maritime economic sector is currently valued globally at $1.5 trillion (measured as marine based industrial contribution to economic output and employment) and predicted to expand to $3 trillion by 2030. Now is the time for Alaska to take a forward-look beyond its traditional maritime economic sectors. Advancing the new blue economy is an opportunity for Alaska to diversify its economy, strengthen partnerships, create jobs, and stimulate investment. A goal for Alaska in expanding beyond a primarily resource extraction based maritime economy is to include more sustainable, value-added, approaches that bring additional revenue and jobs to the state. This is a path being developed nationally in California, Maine, Rhode Island and Washington, and internationally, in Canada, Iceland and several European countries. Key to advancing Alaska’s blue economy is strengthening collaboration, including with our public, Native Alaskan and private entities. The goal should be to foster the development of new opportunities, investment and job creation. As a step in this direction, the University of Alaska Fairbanks College of Fisheries and Ocean Sciences, or CFOS, has partnered with the Alaska Ocean Cluster Initiative, or AOCI, to help advance discussion and coordination to develop and expand Alaska’s blue economy. Through the College’s Kodiak Seafood and Marine Science Center, CFOS is actively working on commercializing new pet treats made from pollock skins as well working with Blue Evolution to help grow Alaska’s commercial seaweed farming industry. Over the past several years CFOS has worked with Alutiiq Pride Shellfish Hatchery to monitor ocean acidification risks to Alaskan shellfish harvests. CFOS is in the early stages of discussion with a variety of stakeholders to build on existing strengths in ocean observing by potentially establishing a second National Data Buoy Center. Together with the Alaska Ocean Observing System and AOCI, we are advancing the discussion to address the growing need for increased infrastructure to strengthen Alaska’s ports and national/Arctic maritime security needs. The Ocean Technology Innovation Sprint, or OTIS, is just one of the innovative strategies to help advance Alaska’s blue economy being led by AOCI and the University of Alaska Anchorage Global Entrepreneur in Residence. This involves a five-day “sprint” process that engages designers, developers, engineers, marketers, and startup enthusiasts. The goal with the sprint is to provide a forum to share ideas and advance innovation with the sustainable blue economy. These are just a few examples of collaboration between CFOS and AOCI that align with Alaska’s blue economy. Alaska’s economic crisis requires us to think broadly and it is time to leverage our vast ocean resources to become a leader in the new blue economy where highly trained knowledge workers drive innovation, world‐class researchers are captivated, and an ecosystem of entrepreneurship forms around the foundation of a blue economy creating a sustainable future for generations of Alaskans. Later this month Alaska will host OCEANS ’17 at the Dena’ina Convention Center. OCEANS ’17 is an international conference sponsored by cutting edge ocean technology based organizations and businesses. On Sept. 21, AOCI and CFOS will convene a special panel “Building Alaska’s Blue Economy” at this conference. Discussion will focus on opportunities and challenges in the ocean technology sector, include strategies to improve coordination and partnering, ocean observations and big data, maritime and port security, and stimulate new entrepreneurial investment. The panel is free and open to the public. We invite you to join this discussion and bring your ideas to help advance the next steps with this initiative and broaden the scope of Alaska’s maritime economy. S. Bradley Moran is Dean of the College of Fisheries and Ocean Sciences, University of Alaska Fairbanks; Joel Cladouhos is Program Director of the Alaska Ocean Cluster Initiative based in Anchorage.

Startup Week 2017: Alaska Ocean Cluster Initiative

With the highest unemployment rate in the country, four consecutive years of declining Gross Domestic Product, and a downgraded credit rating, Alaska’s economy is clearly in trouble. Ocean Tuesday is the first step toward a solution — a long-term transition from a simple raw material exporter to a dynamic economy based on the sustainable development of the oceans. Ocean Tuesday is statewide collaboration of entrepreneurs and innovators with a common goal of capturing value from Alaska’s vast ocean resources. Emerging sectors within the blue economy include living resources, coastal tourism, ocean technology, renewable energy, and marine biotechnology. Marine biotechnology encompasses many new applications within the blue economy, from new cancer treatments to seaweed farming. Companies in this sector often hire employees with education and experience in a range of disciplines from marine biology and chemistry to microbiology and bioinformatics. Zymetech, based in Iceland, is one such company, whose patented products are designed fight against viruses and bacterial infections using enzymes from cod. A local Alaskan ocean business is Barnacle Foods. Based in Juneau, they harvest wild kelp to make innovative foods such as salsas, pickles, and spice blends. Their vision to ‘enhance the long-term value of renewable, edible resources’ is directly aligned with the concept of blue economy, which is simply defined as the sustainable development of ocean resources. From Argentina to Ireland, there are over 50 initiatives are underway around the world to sustainably develop the oceans. Quebec recently adopted a comprehensive 15-year maritime strategy that allocates $9 billion to infrastructure projects, research and development, and education and training. Their goal is to add 30,000 jobs and build their blue economy while also advancing social and environmental priorities. The emergence of the blue economy holds enormous potential to create economic benefit for Alaska. With over half the nation’s coastline, nearly two-thirds of the nation’s annual seafood harvest, and about one-third of the Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ), Alaska has an ocean of opportunity. Hand harvested bull kelp from the Inside Passage (Photo/Barnacle Foods) Kelp Salsa by Barnacle Foods of Juneau If our state’s ocean economy were proportional to the size of its ocean, it would be worth nearly $100 billion, more than twice the size of the state’s overall economy. Alaska has vast ocean resources and with a sustainable development strategy can realize growth opportunities in the blue economy. Ocean Tuesday, on July 25 from 8 a.m. to 12 p.m. at the Alaska Communications Business Technology Center (600 East 36th Avenue), will provide a global and local perspective of the blue economy. The agenda includes three components: guest speakers from Norway, the UK and Maine, a local discussion around challenges and opportunities in Alaska’s ocean economy, and a statewide video conference collaboration. Ocean Tuesday is open to all entrepreneurs and innovators who want to engage in Alaska’s largest sustainable economic opportunity – the oceans! Come learn, connect, and shape the emergence of the new blue economy in Alaska. Thank you to Rachael Miller, Hickel Professor of Strategic Leadership & Entrepreneurship, Alaska Pacific University, and Nils Andreassen, Executive Director, Institute of the North. Alaska Startup Week brings entrepreneurs, local leaders, and friends together during 10 days of events and celebration to build momentum and opportunity around our state’s unique entrepreneurial identity. Startup Week is a focal point of the Innovate Alaska (2.0) effort to diversify Alaska’s economic base. For more information and a full list of 2017 events, visit Joel Cladouhos is the Program Director for the Alaska Ocean Cluster Initiative, a program with the Bering Sea Fishermen’s Association. Bering Sea Fishermen’s Association recently launched the Alaska Ocean Cluster Initiative to transform Alaska's economy by capturing more value from our vast ocean resources. More from Startup Week 2017: Startup Week 2017: Building Alaska’s Entrepreneurial Ecosystem Startup Week 2017: Lots of Progress, More to Come From Women Entrepreneurs
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