Frontier Flying Service studies adding Kenai-Anchorage flight

KENAI -- Commuters in search of choices in the air market from the Kenai Peninsula to Anchorage may soon have another alternative. Fairbanks-based Frontier Flying Service Inc. is considering joining the Kenai market, which is currently served by just one passenger carrier, Era Aviation.Marina Jarvis, Frontier’s marketing director, told the Kenai Rotary Club recently that the company is awaiting word on a federal loan that will help it acquire a sixth aircraft, which would allow expansion into the Kenai market. Frontier expects to hear the status of the loan by April, which would enable the company to begin flights to and from Kenai as soon as May.It would be the culmination of months of talks between Frontier and Kenai Municipal Airport Manager Becky Cronkhite. Cronkhite said the city of Kenai has been encouraged by the commuters in the population to get another carrier in to compete with Era, which is in its 18th year of serving Kenai. She said she knows Frontier well from her days in the Interior."We’re not talking to a start-up operation. Frontier has a good business background and an excellent safety background," she said. "They’re a good company."Established in 1950, Frontier was purchased by John Hadjukovich in 1974. The company employs 150 people, including 47 pilots, who fly Frontier’s current fleet of five Beech 1900 aircraft, which are capable of carrying 19 passengers each.In addition to five flights a day between Fairbanks and Anchorage, the company flies established routes to the Yukon-Kuskokwim region, the North Slope and such Interior villages as Galena, Nulato and Kaltag.Cronkhite noted the importance of getting an established carrier in the market after a series of failed attempts by others, TransNorthern and Yute Air most recently, to remain viable as the market’s second carrier. "The city has seen enough airlines come and go that we want to bring someone in that’s stable," she said. "Frontier is here to stay. It is my personal opinion that Frontier is the best company out there that I can market to."In her address to the Rotary club, Frontier’s Jarvis emphasized that the point of coming into the market is not to compete with Era but, rather, to complement and augment existing service. "We can’t compete with Era," Jarvis said. "If they dropped their prices, we couldn’t match them."To that end, Frontier also is seeking assistance from the city to get service up and running out of Kenai. Jarvis said in addition to getting landing fees waived and leasing costs reduced for the first 12 months of operation, the company also would need assurance from the business community that 50 percent loads could be maintained on the expected two daily flights Frontier would make between Kenai and Anchorage."Our start-up costs must be offset by corporate guarantees and local incentives while the market matures," Jarvis said. She said the operational costs of the aircraft will make it difficult for Frontier to offer fares cheaper than Era’s. "Sixty-seven dollars is not a bad fare," she said. "You could drive it cheaper, but we’d be here to cater to business travelers who just need to get from point A to point B. Here’s another option."

Juror convicts defendants despite sharing a marijuana moment

A man sitting on a jury in West Virginia was sentenced by the court after pleading guilty to smoking marijuana with the three defendants in the case. Despite sharing the marijuana moment, the juror voted to convict the defendants. The juror was found guilty of contempt of court.Lawyer attempts legal suicideAtlanta attorney John J. Lieb, saying he was "sick of the law," attempted to have himself disbarred. Lieb, admitted to the bar in 1983, complained about the practice of law by saying he thought he "was going to be a champion of the underdog. Instead, I became a handler of venomous snakes." He vows to never practice law again.Lieb had a third party file a charge against him with the State Bar and then failed to appear to answer, thinking this would lead to his disbarment. The facts alleged by the third party, however, were never investigated by the State Bar. The claim was dismissed for lack of probable cause, and Lieb is still a lawyer.But will $26 million be enough?The price of becoming a lawyer is increasing dramatically, maybe as dramatically as the salaries paid to associates at large law firms. According to the National Association for Public Interest Law, tuition at law schools accredited by the American Bar Association more than doubled during the 1990s. The average law student now graduates with debt exceeding $80,000.That translates into loan repayments of about $11,000 a year over 10 years. But not all graduates are headed for big firms where they can afford those kind of payments. The average salary of attorneys working in public interest law positions is $31,000 a year.The computer sentences youA new software program, CrimeTime, helps California judges decide on sentences by sorting through the more than 1,900 crimes in the Penal Code and calculating how much time a defendant faces for a specified crime.The judge can plug in prior convictions, extenuating circumstances, and so on and get back a range of time for sentencing purposes. The software is also used by criminal lawyers to forecast possible sentences for their clients if convicted.HistoricalIn the 1640s, Virginia, then a colony, established a fee schedule for attorneys. The rate was low in comparison to those set for other professions and was payable in tobacco.Hearsay"This truly was a network that was vegetables for vegetarians. Too narrow."-- Court TV’s chief executive on the channel’s programmingFootnoteFirst there was Starving Students, the moving company. Now, there’s Starving Lawyers. An advertisement in a Los Angeles legal newspaper is headlined "Starving Lawyers" and offers "reliable" and "cheap" legal services by California licensed attorneys. They are available starting at $20 an hour.Have something to share with Out of Court? E-mail it to Chet Olsen at ([email protected]).

Around the World March 3, 2002

STATECommissioner says plan would drain export fundJUNEAU -- A Senate plan to aid Alaska’s tourism industry would hurt the state’s efforts to promote exports overseas, Community and Economic Development Commissioner Deborah Sedwick said.The Senate Finance Committee has approved a plan to empty a $5.1 million endowment that supports state international trade efforts to help pay for a tourism marketing plan.The Alaska Tourism Industry Association is in line to receive $6 million to wage a media campaign to offset an expected drop in vacationers this year in the wake of the terrorist attacks on the East Coast.The endowment is used by the state Division of International Trade and Market Development, which helps promote and sell Alaska products overseas."I think it’s shocking that Senate Finance would chose one industry over another," Sedwick said. "It’s very shortsighted."Netricity hires firm for study of data centerANCHORAGE -- Netricity LLC has hired Parsons Engineering Inc. to study the economics and markets for a proposed $1 billion data center on the North Slope.The study, which just got under way, will take about two months, according to Mike Caskey, vice president of Fidelity Exploration and Production Co., one of two partners in the venture.Caskey said the facility, commonly known as a server farm, would house a half-million Web-hosting servers in a 1 million-square-foot building, connected to clients and users by the fiber optic system that runs the length of the trans-Alaska pipeline. It would also include construction of a 400 megawatt, gas-fueled electric plant to power the center and an additional fiber optic line for backup.Modular buildings to house the data center and power plant would be constructed in Anchorage or Nikiski, Netricity said.Netricity is in negotiations with producers to buy natural gas from North Slope producers to power the facility. The center would use a maximum of 120 million cubic feet of natural gas per day.Alyeska terminal closed to visitors this summerVALDEZ -- Alyeska Pipeline Service Co. says the public will not be allowed to tour its terminal this summer."We explored alternatives to continue public tours under heightened security screening, but couldn’t satisfy ourselves," Richard Ranger, with Alyeska’s Valdez business unit, told The Valdez Vanguard. "We acknowledge the significance of the fact and are in the process of looking at alternatives to meet curiosity and interest."Alyeska also will close the Alyeska Marine Terminal to family tours and has tightened restrictions on all visitors to the terminal, Ranger said.Security has increased in and around all aspects of the pipeline since the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks.The closure will likely hit Valdez Tours the hardest. The tour company, which shuttles cruise ship passengers from the dock to town, also contracts with the terminal and shuttles in visitors on a daily basis from May through September. Last season, 20,000 people visited the terminal through public tours.2-term Kasilof senator will not seek re-electionJUNEAU -- Sen. John Torgerson will not seek re-election this November, he said Feb. 19.Torgerson, a Republican from Kasilof, said after serving two terms in the state Senate he wants to allow "new blood" into the Legislature.Torgerson was first elected to the Senate in 1994. He is chairman of the Senate Community and Regional Affairs and the Resources committees. He also serves as chairman of the Joint Committee on Natural Gas Pipelines.Under a new redistricting map, Torgerson’s district lost Homer and Seward and added Kenai and Nikiski. Torgerson also faces a possible challenge from Sen. Jerry Ward, R-Anchorage, who announced he would move to Nikiski because of changes to his own district.NATIONConsumer confidence declines in FebruaryNEW YORK -- Consumer confidence declined in February, hurt in part by increased pessimism about the jobs outlook and the economy, reversing two straight monthly gains.The New York-based Conference Board said Feb. 26 that its Consumer Confidence Index fell to 94.1 from a revised 97.8 in January.The industry group’s index, based on a monthly survey of some 5,000 U.S. households, is closely watched because consumer confidence drives consumer spending, which accounts for about two-thirds of the nation’s economic activity.Lynn Franco, director of the Conference Board’s research center, said despite weaker confidence in February, she expects continued "healthy consumer spending" in the months ahead."The consumer will continue to provide solid spending support as the economy moves into recovery," Franco said.Economists agreed that the February decline appears to be a "temporary dip" in confidence.WORLDOPEC chief sees drop, then rise in oil demandWELLINGTON, New Zealand -- International oil demand is expected to be weak in the second quarter of this year, said Ali Rodriguez Araque, secretary-general of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries.Lower demand levels will put further downward pressure on prices in the second quarter, Rodriguez told a petroleum conference Feb. 25 in Auckland.Rodriguez also expects to see "modest" growth in demand for oil in the second half of the year.Demand could grow by as much as 300,000 barrels a day between July and December, while OPEC’s second half output may rise by as much as 700,000 barrels of oil a day, he said.Rodriguez said OPEC’s reduced output target, announced late in December, could be met in the second quarter if Russia, which isn’t a member of OPEC, maintained its current output cuts.Rodriguez spoke after delivering a keynote address at the New Zealand Petroleum Industry Conference.OPEC, at a meeting Dec. 28 in Cairo, decided to implement a production cut of 3.5 million barrels of oil a day."OPEC’s action, supported by other producers, has been instrumental in halting the oil price slide," Rodriguez said.-- Compiled from business wire services.

In this brand-laden world, the first impression is crucial

The item in the Pottery Barn catalog was the answer to my months’ long search: an inexpensive furniture hutch, sturdy and reasonably attractive, in that laid back, Pottery Barn sort of way. I went online to buy the item only to find that I had to register first, a process devised by some acolyte of the Marquis de Sade.After seven minutes of frustration and constant hitting of the back button to re-enter data, the system still wouldn’t accept my newly established password. The only thing that worked correctly is the box that keeps defaulting to a "yes" answer to the question would I "like to receive e-mail communication periodically from Pottery Barn and select partners about products and special events."I decided to call the toll-free number. A first for me in ordering from a mail-order catalog, was the three-minute on-hold wait, before being connected to a pleasant and cooperative service representative. I quoted the numbers off the back of the catalog and she located my data. So far so good.I ordered the item, recited the credit card data, agreed to shipping terms and asked for a confirmation number and agreement on the final cost. Except there was no agreement. The catalog quoted a price of $119 plus $10 shipping. The service rep quoted a price of $157 and change.Why the 24 percent difference? An extra handling charge and state taxes, neither of which I can find mentioned prominently, if at all, in the catalog.We agree to disagree. I cancel the order, and 20 minutes later I’m no better off than when I started.Stated bluntly, I consider Pottery Barn’s practices to be confusing at best and deceptive at worst. Given the type of unforgiving customer I am, Pottery Barn cannot expect ever to hear from me again. Lost for life, a customer at the peak of his spending power and with a previously good impression of the Pottery Barn brand to boot.Contrast that behavior with the Amoco Oil Co., as it was then known, which in 1975 was the first company to offer this poor, graduating student a credit card with no strings or limits attached. I’ve stayed loyal ever since, spending the next 26 years faithfully pumping Amoco gas just as they intended.It’s a relatively simple rule: You rarely get more than one chance to capture and hold the first-time customer. In this day and age of brand oversupply and impression overload, that first impression counts. It creates an instinctive aura by which we judge the brand and how we evaluate its relevance to us as consumers. Consider it a pheromone radiating a hidden aura of attraction and goodwill.It also establishes an early warning system for the future. Is this a brand that I would want to revisit and buy again another time? Incidentally, the research firm Gartner advises that a 5 percent increase in customer retention results in a whopping 60 percent increase in profitability over five years.First impressions are not all touch in the pure physical sense. They’re more than a bad experience or transaction with the sales clerk at the checkout line. Impressions are formed in myriad ways from a telephone greeting to e-mail response time; from lobby decor to employee dress code; from the chief executive’s personality to media messages.For McDonalds, it’s a case of ever-worsening television advertising that reeks of cheapness, mediocrity, inconsistency and loss of interest. I single them out only because McDonalds was once the benchmark for the category. "You deserve a break today" spoke to the huddled masses and every social class in a language and with an empathy that permitted little room in the consumer’s mind for loyalty to competing brands. Today, they’ve become just another player on the fast-food strip, albeit a larger one with the good fortune of better real estate.Marketers are finally waking up to the fact that a good first impression is in many ways tied to exemplary customer service, which in turn, contributes mightily to brand loyalty and customer retention. Many companies are now looking to technology, customer relationship management software for example, to address the problem. That solution cannot be dismissed lightly.As a Modalis Research Technologies study shows, 73 percent of customers, whether ordering by phone or online, expect the company to possess some advance knowledge about them and resent having to repeat the tiresome process of reciting various addresses, phone numbers, codes and so forth.But as the experts will also advise, customer service will never achieve superior levels if it relies solely on technology. Roger Nunley, customer service expert of the Atlanta-based Customer Care Institute, said, "The biggest issue is still people how we hire, train and coach them and measure their performance."According to Nunley, coaching employees in the soft, people-to-people skills will be the primary determinant of how well a company performs in the ongoing customer service marathon. It will also guarantee that the first customer impression is always a positive one and never a lost opportunity to establish a life-long relationship between the consumer and the brand.Alf Nucifora is an Atlanta-based marketing consultant. He can be reached via e-mail at ([email protected]).

ACS announces reduced losses for year

Alaska Communications Systems Group Inc. recorded a net loss of $11.2 million for 2001 compared with a loss of $25.2 million in 2000. The company also tallied a net loss of $2.2 million for the fourth quarter, down from an $8.5 million loss in fourth quarter 2000.ACS listed revenue for the year at $331.7 million compared with $313 million during 2000. Fourth quarter revenue was $85.9 million, an increase from $79.2 million for fourth quarter 2000.Directory revenue grew 19 percent in fourth quarter 2001 to total $9 million, up from $7.6 million for the same period in 2000 because of demand for advertising in regional directories, ACS officials said. Annual directory revenue was $33.9 million in 2001, compared with $29.2 million in 2000.Local telephone revenue grew to $58.4 million in fourth quarter, up from $54.3 million in fourth quarter 2000. Annual local telephone revenue was $221.4 million in 2001 compared to $222.3 million in 2000. Cellular revenue was flat in the fourth quarter at $9.7 million compared with $9.8 million for the same period in 2000. For the year, cellular revenue was $40.4 million, up from $39.5 million in 2000.Internet revenue was $3.8 million in fourth quarter 2001, down from $3.9 million in fourth quarter 2000. Last year Internet revenue was $13.7 million, up from $9 million in 2000.ACS totaled 332,923 local access lines in 2001, an increase from 329,460 in 2000. As of Dec. 31, 2001, the company had 80,120 cellular subscribers compared with 75,933 in 2000. Annual average revenue per unit was $43.15 in 2001 compared to $44.17 the previous year.ACS tallied 46,476 Internet subscribers at year end 2001, an increase from 45,865 in 2000.

March-Issue-1 2002

Events celebrate ANCSA's 30th

Alaskans are celebrating the 30th anniversary of the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act this spring. Passed by Congress in 1971, the claims act reshaped Alaska’s economy and the management of the state’s vast unpopulated areas.Among other things, the claims act made possible the construction of the trans-Alaska oil pipeline in 1974 and its completion in 1977.It was passed just in time to supply oil to U.S. markets when oil supplies from Iran were cut off in 1978. Because Alaska oil was available at that crucial time, many petroleum economists say the Iranian cutoff never led to an actual shortage of oil on world markets, unlike the shortages and worldwide panic that followed the Arab embargo of 1973.The actual Native claims act anniversary was Dec. 18, 2001, 30 years from the date the law was signed by President Nixon. But a number of educational activities related to the anniversary are continuing through the spring.Included is a series of four seminars at the University of Alaska Anchorage by people who participated in events leading up to passage of the historic legislation."So many people have forgotten what the claims act was and what it has done for Alaska, even our own young Native people," said Irene Sparks Rowan, a Native leader who helped organize the lecture series.The act was unusual in a number of respects. It has attracted worldwide attention for the way it resolved land claims by indigenous people and by the unique and innovative way in which the indigenous people, Alaska Natives, were economically empowered.It was of tremendous importance for Alaska, equal or approaching in significance, Alaska historian Jack Roderick believes, to the Alaska Statehood Act of 1958.The pipeline and North Slope oil production revenues made possible by the claims act also greatly boosted Alaska’s economic growth, and the private Native corporations created by the act have now become major employers and investors in the state’s continued development.Other important changes occurred as well. The 1971 act settled aboriginal land claims and cleared title to Alaska lands, allowing, among other things, for a land corridor for the trans-Alaska pipeline.The act also led directly to creation of the nation’s biggest national parks and wildlife refuges, and to vast parts of Alaska being given formal protection as wilderness.Section 17 d(2) of the claims act required the withdrawal of 80 million acres of federal lands for classification into a new system of national parks, wildlife refuges, national forests and wild and scenic rivers.These were created in the Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act in 1980, which also designed large areas for protection as wilderness.Despite these accomplishments, there are a number of loose ends remaining from the claims act and, in its wake, ANILCA.The most well-known is the unresolved subsistence wrangle. While the ambiguous rural preference for subsistence appears in ANILCA, the efforts to protect access to subsistence resources in rural Alaska, on both Native and public land, was a primary force behind the push for a land claims resolution by Native people."The land and subsistence was what was really important to us. Having control of the land was everything. Money was nothing," said Joe Upicksoun, a North Slope Inupiat leader, in the first of the University of Alaska seminars Jan. 26.Another loose end, many believe, is the status of tribal groups in rural Alaska, and the question of Native sovereignty in terms of government powers.A deliberate policy decision by Congress in 1971 was to form private corporations owned collectively by Native shareholders to receive lands and money transferred in the settlement.There was a decision to steer away from forming reservations governed by tribes. There was a feeling that system had failed Native Americans in the Lower 48.Some Alaskans felt the claims act, in settling land claims and establishing the Native corporations with land and cash, meant that tribes would not assume the quasi-governmental powers they have in the Lower 48 and that the federal government would end its special responsibility for welfare of Alaska Natives.The government, however, decided that the claims act did not do these things. The responsibility of the federal government for Alaska Native health and welfare has continued, although the health system has largely been privatized to Native-operated nonprofit corporations.Native tribes have also been recognized by the federal government, and recently by Alaska Gov. Tony Knowles. What is still unclear is the extent of tribal governmental powers in Alaska.

This Week in Alaska Business History February 24, 2002

Editor’s note: "This Week in Alaska Business History" revisits events that shaped our past."Those who cannotremember the past arecondemned to repeat it."-- George Santayana, 1863-195220 years ago this weekAnchorage TimesFebruary 24, 1982More salmon can defects foundby Maureen BlewettTimes WriterFederal officials have widened their search for contaminated Alaska canned salmon after finding holes in 21 cans packed in "various" Alaska canneries. But U.S. Food and Drug Administration officials this morning refused to name which of Alaska’s 58 canneries are involved.Officials said they are "not ready yet" to recall all salmon canned in Alaska. Owners of the canneries which produced defective cans have been informed, said FDA spokesman Christopher Smith.Botulism is an odorless, tasteless poison which grows in the absence of oxygen. It is introduced through the holes after the salmon is packed.A Belgian man died of botulism poisoning Feb. 6 after eating salmon packaged by the New England Fish Co.-Whitney Fidalgo Co. in Ketchikan. Health officials in Belgium found a hole in the can the size of a pencil eraser.Anchorage TimesFebruary 24, 19823 firms to sign pacts for state royalty oilby Dave CarpenterTimes WriterThe native corporation representing Alaska’s Interior region and two oil companies with Kenai-area refineries have reached tentative agreements with the state to buy its royalty oil for the next years, officials from the three firms have confirmed.Natural Resources Commission John Katz is expected to announce the tentative contracts here Friday.The three companies selected by the Department of Natural Resources: Doyon Ltd., whose officials planned to sign a preliminary state contact today or Thursday for the purchase of a maximum 50,000 barrels of royalty oil per day. Chevron U.S.A. Inc., which would get an undisclosed amount of oil to increase production in its Nikiski refinery and boost in-state production of heating, diesel and jet fuel. Tesoro Alaska Petroleum Co., which would receive an undisclosed amount to use in its North Kenai refinery.10 years ago this weekAlaska Journal of CommerceFebruary 24, 1992Another protest filed over port studyBy the Alaska Journal of CommerceJUNEAU - A Maryland firm ousted as the apparent bid winner for the southcentral Alaska port study has filed a protest with the state, alleging it lost on a technicality.The Division of Economic Development has until Feb. 24 to issue a decision on the protest filed by ECO Engineering Inc., of Annapolis, said Phil Bennett, finance officer for the state agency."When the department made its decision based on anonymous phone calls it violated the rules under which protests are to be made," said Walt Parker, ECO’s representative in Anchorage."We were given absolutely no notice before the change of contact notice was made. It’s a violation of state statutes."Parker also said ECO’s $127,000 was considerably less than the amount bid by Peratrovich, Nottingham & Drage Inc., the Anchorage firm the state agency has now identified as the successful bidder.Alaska Journal of CommerceFebruary 24, 1992Kodiak breakwater to be advertisedBy the Alaska Journal of CommerceKODIAK - Phase one of the $32 million Kodiak breakwater project will be advertised later this year, after revisions sought by the city of Kodiak are incorporated, says the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers."We are redoing the plan specs and some of the environmental documentation, to designate a quarry site for the rock for the first phase of the contact," said Steve Bordman, chief of civil works programs for the corps.The Kodiak City Council "felt it was in the best interests of the community to try to guarantee the quarry site would be in St. Herman Harbor because removal of the fill material from that location would provide approximately 10 acres of uplands space for gear storage," said Harbormaster Corky McCorkle.-- Compiled by Ed Bennett.

Bills would ease permit buybacks

JUNEAU -- Bills aimed at increasing the efficiency of Alaska’s beleaguered salmon industry are moving through the Legislature.The House Resources Committee Feb. 13 approved a measure making it less cumbersome for the state to implement a limited entry permit buyback program.The committee is also looking at a bill that would let fishermen set up associations that could put together their own private buyback programs. Rep. Drew Scalzi, R-Homer, is sponsoring both bills.Both are aimed at reducing the number of nets in the water, so the remaining fishermen stand a better chance of survival in a market flooded with farm-raised salmon."It gives human beings a little bit more control instead of just flowing with the immediate market circumstance," said David Bedford, executive director of the Southeast Alaska Seiners Association and a board member for the United Fishermen of Alaska.A flood of farm-raised salmon has pushed down prices and made it more difficult for Alaska’s commercial salmon fishermen to stay afloat financially.The buyback bill, House Bill 288, would change existing law so that if the state Commercial Fisheries Entry Commission decides to go forward with a buyback program, it need only purchase a fisherman’s permit.State law currently requires a buyback to also include boats and gear."It would be a very cumbersome and expensive process," Scalzi said.The bill also removes a requirement that the state automatically begin a buyback program as soon as an entry commission study determines there are too many permits in a fishery.That change allows the commission to determine the optimum number of permits, information that fishermen could then use to decide how many permits to remove if they pursued a private or federal buyback.The bill also removes language calling for buyback programs to be paid for through an assessment on the fishery, leaving funding to be determined when a particular program is proposed.The measure next goes to the House Finance Committee.The Resources Committee is expected to act soon on House Bill 286, which lets permit holders in a given fishery form an association to consolidate that fishery.A fishery consists of fishermen using a particular type of gear in a particular area, such as Cook Inlet drift gillnet fishermen.The measure would allow such a group to assess a fee with approval of two-thirds of the permit holders. The money would be used to reduce the number of people fishing.The association would decide for itself how best to accomplish consolidation. Mary McDowell, of the commercial fisheries entry commission, said associations might create their own private buyback program or simply pay some fishermen to sit out a season.The measure also allows fishermen to hold two permits in a single fishery, although it doesn’t let them use any more gear than allowed for a single permit. Currently, fishermen can hold only one permit per fishery.Both bills are supported by various fishing groups, including the United Fishermen of Alaska.

Five Star Medallion chief works to change safety culture

Jerry Dennis has his work cut out for him.As the new executive director of the Five Star Medallion Program, Dennis is in charge of cutting Alaska’s aircraft accident rate by half in the next decade.That’s a tall order in a state that has the highest aviation accident rate in the nation.Dennis was hired last month to head the federally funded volunteer program to provide safety training to air carriers and help them establish safety programs."We’re hoping to have some impact," Dennis said. "It won’t be easy and it won’t happen overnight."Dennis, 59, brings with him decades of experience in aviation.He was a commercial pilot before joining the Army to fly helicopters and airplanes in Vietnam. In the military, he also served as an aircraft crash investigator. He went on to work for the National Transportation Safety Board investigating aircraft accidents. He also worked as an aviation insurance agent, accident investigator and underwriter."I probably have credibility with a lot of different venues," Dennis said.He also has seen many aviation accidents, at least 600 by his count, most in Alaska and most involving fatalities."The sad thing is, that in most cases, if you change the date on the picture and the (tail) number of the airplane, it is virtually the same accident," Dennis said. "The types of mishaps haven’t changed."One of the most common is called "controlled flight into terrain," a crash that is often the result of a pilot taking too many chances in bad weather.Poor pilot judgment has destroyed many good airplanes at a cost of hundreds of lives in Alaska, Dennis said.Since 1990, 460 people have died in aviation-related crashes in Alaska, according to the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. That number includes about 120 commercial pilots who lost their lives in airplane crashes.Commercial pilots have surpassed loggers and fishermen as having the most dangerous job in the state. Over a 30-year commercial flying career in Alaska, 11 out of 100 pilots will die in an airplane crash, 100 times the risk of an average worker in the United States, according to NIOSH."What we’re looking at and looking for is a fundamental change in the safety culture," Dennis said.Too many risks are being taken by pilots for the sake of their companies’ bottom lines, Dennis said. Crashing airplanes is never good for an air carrier, and as a group, more accidents mean higher insurance premiums."It is more economical to be safer," Dennis said.Key to the program will be education, not only to airlines and pilots but to the traveling public as well, Dennis said."Often it’s passengers who apply the pressure,’’ said Dennis, who intends to pitch the program’s goals to school districts and large companies that do business in the Bush.The Five Star Medallion Program is volunteer accreditation by Alaska air carriers that includes, among other things, a company safety program, simulator training, risk assessment checklists, increased mechanic and ground service training and independent safety audits.Sen. Ted Stevens, R-Alaska, included $3 million in this year’s transportation appropriations bill to fund the program, in which participating airlines will be given a star by the Federal Aviation Administration for each step of the program it completes. After a carrier has accumulated five stars, it must wait a year to be certified as having Medallion status. The carrier will undergo annual independent audits to retain the status.The Alaska Air Carriers Association administers the program, which in time is intended to be self-supporting through air carrier funding.

2001 a $1 billion year for Arctic Slope

Despite a slowdown in its aggressive growth, Arctic Slope Regional Corp. remains a powerhouse in the state’s economy. The Barrow-based Native regional corporation enjoyed more than $1 billion in revenues during 2001 for the second year in a row. However, the corporation’s rapid rate of growth leveled off last year. Net income for 2001 was about the same as in 2000. "It was a relatively stable year for us," said Jacob Adams, ASRC’s president, in a talk to the Resource Development Council for Alaska Inc. earlier this year. In broad terms, ASRC is consolidating many of its gains of recent years. Its Alaska assets performed well in 2001, with the exception of post-Sept. 11 impacts on Petro Star, a fuels refining company, according to Conrad Bagne, ASRC’s chief operating officer. But some out-of-state ventures also did not do well, particularly a plastics company, he said. That had an impact on the corporation’s bottom line.

Princess puts Royal Caribbean merger vote on hold

LONDON -- With its planned marriage to a U.S. rival now on hold, P&O Princess Cruises PLC is expected to come under intense pressure to talk with Carnival Corp., the No. 1 cruise operator, whose $5.4 billion bid for Princess sparked a shareholder revolt.Carnival won a tactical victory Feb. 15 after Princess shareholders voted to postpone a meeting at which they were to decide whether to approve their company’s proposed merger with Royal Caribbean Cruises Ltd.All three companies operate in Alaska.A 62.5 percent majority of investors chose to adjourn the meeting to give competition regulators in the United States and Britain more time to review Carnival’s bid alongside the proposed merger."We are committed to giving P&O Princess shareholders the opportunity to accept our increased offer, and we will focus all our efforts on securing regulatory clearance," Carnival Chairman Micky Arison said after the votes were counted.Princess insists that Carnival’s bid is unlikely to survive regulatory scrutiny. It argues that regulators are more likely to approve its proposed merger with Royal Caribbean, which it says would deliver more value to shareholders over the long run.Analysts estimate the Royal Caribbean merger to be worth about $3.7 billion for Princess shareholders."What the shareholders were saying is that they wanted more time to consider the alternatives. I don’t think they were choosing between them," said Peter Ratcliffe, Princess chief executive.Royal Caribbean shareholders called off a parallel meeting in Miami after learning the outcome of the voting in London. Royal Caribbean Chairman Richard Fain said he was "obviously disappointed.""However, we have to acknowledge that a shareholders’ vote is a democratic process, and naturally we respect the decision that has been reached at the P&O Princess meeting," he said. "Now we will need to consult with our advisers to determine the implication of the votes and their impact on the merger."Although Fain suggested earlier that his company might walk away from the merger if Princess shareholders delayed their decision, Royal Caribbean would face a $62.5 million breakup penalty if it did so before Nov. 16."At this stage, it’s not in their interest to walk really because it’s not clear that shareholders have voted ’no’ to a merger," said David Liston, a transportation analyst at the London brokerage firm Gerrard.Royal Caribbean, based in Miami, is the world’s second-biggest cruise operator with 23 ships and an estimated 22 percent market share. Princess ranks third with a 13 percent share of the global market and 18 ships.Carnival’s 43 ships give it a 27 percent share of the estimated global market for 2002, according to U.S. brokerage firm AG Edwards. By buying Princess, it would scuttle the competitive threat of a merger and become the industry’s unassailable leader.Business for all three companies foundered after the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks, and each is determined to cut costs and boost profits.Princess has refused to talk with Miami-based Carnival about its hostile bid, which Carnival has sweetened three times. However, Liston said Princess would face growing pressure to do so, given the preference expressed by a majority of its shareholders."They’re still very reluctant, but I think (the) vote has to improve the prospect of them talking, at least," he said.

Dollies could throw wrench in Juneau power expansion

JUNEAU -- A single 4-inch Dolly Varden trout could block development of new hydroelectric power for Alaska’s capital city.The proposed project would tap Lake Dorothy, a 3-mile-long, 560-foot-deep, glacier-fed lake on the east side of Taku Inlet."We are at a point where Juneau’s energy demand is equal to our firm hydroelectric energy supply in a dry year," Corry V. Hildenbrand of Alaska Electric Light & Power told the Juneau Chamber of Commerce last month. "Firm" refers to the minimum expected megawatts generated during a year with the least rainfall."Lake Dorothy would help provide low and stable electric rates, which would help provide an attractive business environment for Juneau," said Hildenbrand, who is both president of Lake Dorothy Hydroelectric Inc. and vice president of energy development at AEL&P.Lake Dorothy, which sits at an elevation of 2,400 feet, is 25 miles closer to downtown Juneau than is the Snettisham project, which now supplies most of the borough’s electricity.In addition to its nearness, said David Stone, vice president of consumer affairs for AEL&P, the $30 million Lake Dorothy project has two things going for it: A submarine cable laid in 1999 has sufficient capacity to transport any energy it would produce. The east terminal crossing of the cable is only three miles from where Dorothy Creek spills into Taku Inlet, the site where the proposed power house would be built.However, the monkey wrench for the project could be the Dolly Varden found near the mouth of Dorothy Creek during an environmental impact survey, Hildenbrand said.The Lake Dorothy project has been talked about for 60 years.As seen from the air, Lake Dorothy and two other lakes below it resemble a stepped fountain. Dorothy pours into Lieuy Lake, which pours into Bart Lake, which discharges into Dorothy Creek. With gorges and waterfalls galore, it is "extremely rough terrain," Hildenbrand said, best accessed by using a penstock rather than a dam approach.A penstock is a tube or trough for carrying water and controlling its flow. A tunnel would be drilled to tap Lake Dorothy 100 feet below its waterline, and a "faucet" installed to control the water flow to Lieuy. Dorothy would be considered a reservoir, used as needed.That would be the last phase of the project. Phase I would be to build an access road to Bart Lake and tapping it. Phase I could generate a maximum of 14.3 megawatts of power.Phase II would tap Dorothy and connect it to Lieuy and Bart. That would generate an output of 30.3 megawatts, which Hildenbrand calls "a nice resource for the future of Juneau."The first preliminary permit for the project was received in 1996. Lake Dorothy Hydroelectric Inc. filed an environmental impact statement in June 2001, only to find that additional studies were required. In October, LDHI met with resource agencies to discuss issues related to fisheries and water resources. If all goes well, a final permit could be issued in September 2003, Hildenbrand said.But then there’s that trout. Dorothy Lake has been stocked with eastern brook trout, a non-native species. There is some concern that draining water from Dorothy during spawning months would endanger the brookies’ habitat, Hildenbrand said.The U.S. Forest Service is not concerned with preserving this non-native species, and might allow LDHI to provide fisheries mitigation in another location to make up for its impact here. However, the agency is concerned about the native Dolly."If we have to preserve the habitat for (Dolly Varden) trout, we don’t have a project," Hildenbrand said.But Pete Griffin, head ranger for the Juneau Ranger District with the Forest Service, put a slightly different spin on the situation: "From our standpoint, it’s a good project, and the folks in charge of the planning have been very responsive to our needs."I don’t think there will be a problem (with the Dolly Varden), but we need to assess the difference between the habitat that is there now and what will be there when the plant is operating," Griffin said.If LDHI gets construction permits, it would prepare the site in 2003, constructing an access corridor to Bart Lake, and taking rock samples where tunnels would be sited. In 2004, it would clear the transmission right of way from the mouth of Dorothy Creek to the east terminal of Snettisham Lake. In 2005, penstock and tunnels would be constructed. The project would go online in November 2006, making 2007 the first full year of operation.The Lake Dorothy substation would be unmanned, visited by maintenance crews twice a week.

British Columbia fish farm tests waters with lucrative black cod

KODIAK -- Totem Seafarms of Jervis Inlet, British Columbia, put some of the first farmed black cod, also called sablefish, onto the market in mid-January. According to the Fish Information Service, Totem’s Gus Angus said that even though the 750, five-pound fish were more of a sample for the market than a real commodity, he believes there is a bright future for sablefish aquaculture. "It’s going great. It is in its absolute infancy. There is a tremendous amount of work to do in hatching and rearing. It’s a great fish," he said. Angus said the quality of the flesh was very acceptable to the market, and the fish fetched about the same price as wild black cod in the seven- to nine-pound range, around $4.50 Canadian a pound. A private firm called Island Scallops Ltd., is also hatching sablefish for sale to grow-out sites. The company supplied 13,000 fish to growers in 2001 and intends to have 100,000 available this year. Spokesman Robert Saunders said there are other marine species under consideration by the aquaculture industry, but right now sablefish is what he calls the "prime candidate." With wild black cod being one of the most valuable fish on the market, interest has been high to develop a farmed version. Commercial fishermen in British Columbia are alarmed by the government’s support of black cod aquaculture in the province. Chris Acheson of the Canadian Sablefish Association told FIS the government is not taking into consideration the economic and environmental impact such aquaculture could have on the wild industry. A recent study prepared for the government of British Columbia stated that once farmed black cod is produced in large volumes, it could cause a price drop of 40 percent in the price of fish. The report predicted that aquaculture could be producing potentially up to 16,000 tons by 2021 with revenues of $22 million to $114 million Canadian. Flying squid destined for Japan After years of quiet preparation, a handful of U.S. vessels has begun jigging for neon flying squid in the North Pacific. Several former Bering Sea crabbers have been outfitted with jig machines for flying squid, an abundant high seas resource that has been harvested only slightly since the international ban on high seas driftnetting went into effect in 1993. Until then, the Asian driftnet fishery yielded 300,000 metric tons per year worth roughly $1 billion in 1990. Industry reports said that about 15 Japanese vessels are already jigging in the region, as well as some from British Columbia. Nearly all of the catch is destined for Japan. Several species are considered of primary interest: red flying squid, neon flying squid, purpleback flying squid and diamond-back squid, which often exceeds three feet in length and weighs up to 50 pounds. Its large, tender, muscular mantle commands a premium price in Japan. Fishermen on watch Thousands of fishermen and lobstermen are being asked to join a new floating security network to help spot terrorist threats along Maine’s craggy coastline. The Kennebec Journal reports the Coast Guard is mailing notices to 9,000 Maine fishermen as part of its Coastal Beacons Program. "They’re the guys that are out all the time. They know when things are out of the ordinary," USCG spokesman Arn Heggers told the Journal. It is hoped that fishermen will tell them about anything suspicious, such as unfamiliar vessels transferring cargo on the water or unfamiliar people taking pictures of bridges or waterfront facilities. Demand for U.S. pollock increases Alaska longliners got a boost in their halibut catch to nearly 62 million pounds, up from roughly 58 million last year. The fishery will also open three days later than usual on March 18 to accommodate market opportunities. The season will end on Nov. 18. Pollock from the United States has become the major supplier to world markets. The director of the U.S. Surimi Commission said that declines of nearly 45 percent in Russian catches have resulted in a general shortage of both surimi and fillet blocks in the global market. Demand for U.S. pollock by European buyers has increased dramatically. Imports of fillet blocks to Europe last year were five times higher than in 2000. In order to respond to the increased demand, processors are focusing more on fillet blocks, which food manufacturers turn into fish portions and fish sticks, than on producing surimi. This year’s pollock quota in the Bering Sea is roughly 3 billion pounds, with an additional 1.2 million pounds coming from the Gulf of Alaska. That’s 3 percent higher overall than last year, "but this is not enough to compensate for landing declines seen in other fisheries," the director said.  

House committee passes own minimum wage bill

The House Labor and Commerce Committee sent legislation hiking the state’s minimum wage to $7.15 per hour to the Finance Committee Feb. 5, but an amendment limiting a cost-of-living "inflator" in the minimum wage to 50 percent of annual increases in the federal Consumer Price Index may create complications for the legislation.An initiative filed by labor groups raising the minimum wage includes a provision for the wage to be adjusted 100 percent to changes in the CPI. Unless the Legislature passes a law "substantially similar" to the initiative petition, the initiative will go on the general election ballot.Rep. Pete Kott, R-Eagle River, made the amendment to limit the bill to 50 percent of the CPI. Rep. Harry Crawford, D-Anchorage, a member of the Labor and Commerce Committee, said the change would likely draw a legal challenge from groups who filed the petitions.House Bill 298 extends lease termsLegislation extending the period that land can be leased from the state-owned Alaska Railroad Corp. has passed out of the House Labor and Commerce Committee. House Bill 298 would extend the maximum lease period from 35 years to 50 years. A similar bill, SB 209, is in the Senate Resources Committee.Railroad officials told the House committee that developers planning projects on lands owned by the railroad need more than a 35-year lease to arrange financing for their projects.

IT systems integration and hamster hunting

Virtually every business has a rodent problem. They’re in your cubicles and behind your Web site; their nests are inside your servers and workstations.Listen closely the next time you buy something online, make a stock trade, or register for a class. Do you hear the scurrying noise? Those are the hamsters, running data between computer systems.Those systems can’t talk to each other.The squeaky hamster sound is also the sound of your business losing money. According to Gartner Research, 80 percent of all online transactions are processed manually and in batches rather than automatically in real-time.Systems integration, the single greatest business information technology expenditure today, is the process of connecting disparate systems that weren’t originally designed to talk to each other.Systems integration is hunting down and killing the hamsters.The greatest benefit of integration is the cost savings. It makes business more efficient by centralizing data and eliminating the need for duplication and double entry. It reduces transactional errors and increases efficiency.And it minimizes the number of hamsters you have to feed.The downside of integration, of course, is that you have to spend money. Sometimes, a lot of it. And while hamsters are inefficient, they can still make judgments that a computer cannot when presented with nonstandard data.Before you kill the hamster, make sure the system you’re replacing it with is smarter than your average rodent.Recognizing firm’s integration needsIf you find yourself saying, "If only our customer records could be connected to our e-mail system," or "If only our accounting software could talk to our reservations database," then you have an integration problem.The larger the organization, the more likely integration challenges will be. The Internal Revenue Service, for example, awarded a $7 billion contract to overhaul its IT architecture and integrate or replace hardware and systems dating back to the 1960s, all without interrupting more than $3 trillion a year in transactions.Thankfully, most businesses don’t have to deal with integration of that scope. Consider this example:A potential customer submits a brochure request from your Web site. Jane receives it by e-mail, prints it, carries it down the hall, and hands it to Bob in fulfillment.Bob retypes the request into his database, prints off the label, and drops the brochure in the mail."Aha! A hamster," you say.Here are some possible solutions to consider.Solution 1: Wait to integrateYou could just leave it alone.It really comes down to volume. Suppose you can fully integrate your Web site with your fulfillment system for $5,000. No e-mails, no printing, no walking down the hall, and no retyping will be the outcome.But then suppose you only have to do this once a day. Should you spend the money? Probably not. If you’re doing it every hour, on the other hand, then the expense is warranted.Solution 2: Rip and replaceSmall to midsize businesses can often get away with the "rip and replace" solution. That is, rip out the component that is most difficult to integrate and completely replace it with a more compatible one.Continuing with our example, you’ve determined that the hamster system costs too much. You tell Bob to rip out the current fulfillment software and replace it with new software that includes a built-in Web site module.Now, customers submit brochure requests from the site and they are inserted directly into Bob’s database.Bye, bye, hamster.Solution 3: Use middlewareRip and replace doesn’t work well with larger organizations. You’ve already invested hundreds of thousands in your fulfillment software, so you can’t get rid of it. And your Web site is tied into lots of other systems already, so you can’t throw it out, either.Enter middleware. Middleware is software designed to sit in the middle of two different systems. Middleware is designed to do what your hamsters do, only in an automatic way.The Web site passes information into your new middleware application, which then delivers a translated version to your fulfillment system in a format that it can understand.Middleware can be designed by your in-house integration team, if you have one, or outsourced to a company that provides systems integration services.Middleware also comes in two flavors: the snapshot model or transactional model. A snapshot is a transfer of data that occurs on a schedule, once a day, for example.Transactional middleware is generally more expensive, but it is the holy grail of systems integration. Data transfer occurs in real time, so data is always current.One pitfall of middleware is the intelligence that you have to design into it. The rip and replace solution allows you to use systems that talk the same language; middleware, however, requires you to get into the translation business.Be sure your middleware does not move a decimal point and send all your customers a giant bill.Happy hamster huntingThe real trick is comparing the cost of retaining your current hamster system with the cost of a systems integration project. If integration will save you money, then do it.Otherwise, be sure to keep the hamsters happy.Scott Gere is chief executive at Impact LLC, an Anchorage communications and technology company. He can be reached via e-mail at ([email protected]).

Plan for yourself, then children

At a time when middle-aged couples should be saving for their retirements, many are squeezed by competing financial needs. Having started families later than past generations, their children may just now be entering college or still living at home. At the same time, aging parents may need financial assistance. It is a dilemma that is likely to become more common.Assisting your childrenFor many families, college costs are a significant financial burden. While you may want to pay all college costs for your children, it may not be feasible with competing needs to save for retirement and to assist your parents. Some strategies to consider include: Shift some of the burden to your children, requiring them to work part time during college or to take out student loans. Understand the financial aid system, investigating all financial aid sources. Search for scholarships that are not based on need. Apply to several different colleges, looking for the best financial aid package. Negotiate with your child’s preferred college to see if you can increase the financial aid package. Look for ways to reduce the cost of college. Your child can start at a community college, which is often cheaper than a four-year college, especially when the child commutes from home. Or consider a public university in your state, which will generally be more affordable than a private university.Once your child graduates from college, don’t assume your financial responsibilities are finished. Adult children may return home for a variety of reasons: They can’t find a well-paying job, they have too much debt to live alone, or they divorce and need financial support. If your child returns home, realize that there are increased costs, such as additional food, phone bills and utilities. Consider charging rent and imposing a deadline on how long he or she can stay.Caring for parentsAs life expectancies continue to increase, it becomes more likely that you may need to help an aging parent. Some financial precautions you can take now include:Investigate long-term-care insurance for your parents. If they can’t afford the insurance, you may want to purchase it for them. Have your parents prepare a complete listing of their assets, liabilities and income sources, including the location of important documents. This can save time if you need to take over their finances. Make sure your parents have legal documents in a place so that someone can take over their finances if they become incapacitated. They may also want to delegate health care decisions. Understand the tax laws if you support your parent financially. You may be able to claim them as dependents if you provide more than half their support. Additionally, you may be able to deduct medical expenses you pay on their behalf. Find out if your employer offers a flexible spending account for elder care. This may allow you to set aside pre-tax dollars to pay for up to $5,000 of eldercare expenses for a dependent parent.Don’t forget yourselfWhen faced with the competing needs of children and aging parents, it’s easy to neglect your own need to save for retirement. But don’t feel guilty about your retirement needs. One of the best gifts you can give your children is the knowledge that you will be financially independent during retirement. Consider the following: Calculate how much you need for retirement and how much to save on an annual basis to reach that goal. Don’t give up if that amount is beyond what you’re able to save now. Start out saving what you can, resolving to significantly increase your savings once your parents’ or children’s needs have passed. Also consider changing your retirement plans, perhaps delaying your retirement or reducing your financial needs. Take advantage of all retirement plans. Enroll in your company’s 401(k), 403(b) or other defined contribution plan as soon as you’re eligible. Also consider investing in individual retirement accounts. Reconsider your views about retirement. Instead of a time of total leisure, consider working at a less stressful job, starting your own business, or turning hobbies into paying jobs.In an increasingly complex world it is sometimes overwhelming to think about these issues. If you find yourself not knowing where to start, think about meeting with a financial planner. He or she can assist you in developing a road map for a successful financial future.Michael Shamburger is vice president of First Interstate Bank of Alaska. He can be reached via e-mail at [email protected]

Proposal would put brand on Inlet sockeye, boost fishery

KENAI -- Back when making a small fortune hauling sockeye from Cook Inlet seemed commonplace, good fishing practices often amounted to filling boat holds with as many salmon as possible in the shortest amount of time.Little care went into preserving the best possible quality, because there was no pressure to do so from the marketplace.Those days are gone now. Prices are down, and many commercial fishermen are struggling. The advent of farmed salmon has flooded the world market with a high-quality product free of the kinds of blemishes that seining and drifting methods made common in Alaska’s annual fish harvest.To compete and still maintain the familiar lifestyle, Cook Inlet fishermen must be willing to handle their product much more carefully, said Kenai Peninsula Borough Assembly member Chris Moss of Homer, an Inlet seiner by trade.Then, they have to find a way to market the resulting high-quality fish as more desirable than the farmed variety, he added."Without a visible and credible presence in the market, Cook Inlet sockeye would fade into the rear echelons, attractive only to bargain hunters and serving merely as a backup in times of shortage, while farmed and branded wild salmon lay claim to customers and market niches," he said in a recent letter to the assembly.An ordinance sponsored by Moss and introduced Feb. 5 seeks to meet the problem head on. It would appropriate $305,550 to the Cook Inlet Sockeye Branding Project, a program recommended last fall by a committee of fishermen, processors, industry leaders, elected officials and borough staff. It would marry an intense quality-assurance policy to an Inlet brand and market Inlet salmon to high-end niche markets worldwide.The ordinance gets a public hearing March 12.Continuing to operate as the industry does today would be disastrous, Moss said. Prices would sink, fishermen would abandon the occupation, the Peninsula’s economy would suffer, all unacceptable outcomes as far as he’s concerned."A diligent effort to adapt to the modern seafood marketplace is the only available alternative," he said.The Kenai Peninsula Borough invested $95,000 last year, assessing needs, developing handling and quality guidelines, drafting certified quality specifications and developing a marketing strategy.A final program plan that grew out of that effort was adopted last fall.A steering committee formed to implement the plan, of which Moss is a member, believes the branding project will take three to five years to become firmly established.Several possible funding sources have been identified, including federal, state and local government grants, private corporate donations or loans and monetary support from the fishing industry itself. Three grant applications are in the works seeking start-up funding for the first year.However, the timing of any grant approvals is critical, Moss said Feb. 12.Paperwork could put actual money-in-the-hand funding off until April or May, delaying implementation of the quality-assurance program until too late in the season to produce a sufficient quantity of product for a planned test-marketing effort next fall.Hence, the borough is being asked to front the $305,550 in start-up funds needed by the program. Subsequent grants would be used to pay back some or all of the money, depending upon the success of the grant applications, Moss said.It may take effort, but raising the market-end quality of Cook Inlet salmon can be achieved, Moss said. Fishermen and processors will have to alter the way they handle fish, for instance, by putting fewer fish in each brailer bag, avoiding dropping fish and making shorter sets so the fish are alive when they’re hauled on board.In some cases, physical changes to vessels may be necessary, he said.What can’t be known for sure, Moss acknowledged, is whether the marketing necessary to compete effectively with farmed salmon or with established brands of quality wild salmon will be effective. But it’s worth a try, because the alternative is further decline of the industry, he said.Singing the praises of the Alaska salmon’s wild, free-roaming, deep-ocean, pristine-water life cycle may be one effective tool."What sells is a great story," Moss said. "Fish in a pen? There’s no story in that."Establishing a quality-control program and putting a better product before consumers isn’t likely to return the Cook Inlet salmon industry to the glory days. It may not even result in more money per pound. But it may help stabilize prices in the long run, and right now, that’s OK, Moss said.The branding project has been estimated to cost more than $1 million over three years, not including vessel-modification expenses fishermen would have to absorb.A source of future funding could be the raw fish tax, but that would require state legislative action, Moss said.

Aircraft accidents slip to five-year low, but fatalities up

Aircraft accidents in Alaska were down by 25 percent last year compared with 2000, and were the fewest in five years.But commercial airline crashes in Alaska accounted for 22 fatalities in 2001, the highest since 1997, according to Federal Aviation Administration statistics.Noncommercial aircraft, also known as general aviation aircraft, accounted for six deaths in 2001, bringing to 460 the number of people who have been killed in all aviation crashes in Alaska since 1990.The decrease in airplane accidents in Alaska is welcome news to a state that for decades has averaged a plane crash every other day and a fatality every 10 days, said Kent Adams, the FAA’s assistant division manager of flight standards in Anchorage."The numbers looked encouraging,’’ he said.Many factors probably contributed to the decreased accident rate last year, Adams said, including a slight decrease in air traffic, increased insurance costs and aviation safety programs.General aviation and commercial carriers combined racked up 102 crashes in 2001, down from 136 in 2000. The five-year average for aviation crashes in Alaska is 143 annually, according to the FAA.The FAA issued its year-end totals Feb. 2.General aviation accidents slid from 104 in 2000 to 80 last year, a 23 percent decrease. The five-year average for general aviation accidents is 114 annually, according to the FAA.Six people died in general aviation accidents in 2001, compared with 12 who died in such air cashes in Alaska in 2000. For the past five years, the state has averaged about 15 deaths annually in noncommercial aircraft.The six deaths last year resulted from three separate air crashes, according to the FAA. In 2000, there were nine fatal air crashes, which nearly mirrored the five-year average of 8.4.Air carriers in Alaska last year tallied 22 accidents, down from 32 in 2000. The five-year average for air carrier crashes is 36, according to FAA statistics.Five fatal air crashes resulted in 22 deaths last year on commercial aircraft compared with 2000, where 12 people died in five aircraft accidents in Alaska, according to the FAA.The deaths last year were the highest since 1997 when 28 people lost their lives on commercial aircraft.Also, 1997 was a deadly year for general aviation, which had 27 fatalities in noncommercial airplane crashes.The FAA’s year-end accident report said while the number of air carrier accidents decreased last year, the increase in fatalities was largely because of Peninsula Airways Inc. Flight 350, which crashed Oct. 10 just after takeoff from the Dillingham airport, killing the pilot and all nine passengers.The second worst air accident in the state last year was in July, where six people died in a Southeast-based L.A.B. Flying Service Inc. crash on a glacier 13 miles southwest of Haines, according to the FAA.PenAir’s crash was Alaska’s deadliest commercial aircraft accident in 14 years. Federal investigators have not yet determined the cause.Ironically, it was PenAir’s safety program that was used for a model for the Five Star Medallion Program, a federally funded volunteer accreditation program designed to decrease the number of accidents in Alaska by half over the next decade.

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