Cruise ship jobs worth $15.2 million to Juneau
The report, The Economic Impacts of the Cruise Industry in Southeast Alaska, examined spending, tax revenue and jobs associated with the industry in Juneau, Ketchikan, Sitka and Haines during the 1999 tourist season.
"Anecdotally, people understand that the industry had grown," said Loren Gerhard, director of Southeast Conference, which sponsored the study, "and we wanted to measure that."
The conference is a membership organization that includes municipalities, chambers of commerce, visitors bureaus and others. The conference is interested in infrastructure development in the region, Gerhard said.
"(The report is) not going to please everybody, including some of the cruise ship companies," Gerhard said.
Gerhard said the study was paid for with a "sizable" grant from the cruise ship industry with the understanding that the industry wouldn’t have any editorial input or oversight.
Results of the project held no big surprises, said Eric McDowell, managing partner of The McDowell Group, which authored the report.
Each of Juneau’s 748 year-round equivalent jobs has an estimated $20,400 average income, according to the report. Year-round equivalent jobs combine seasonal jobs to make a comparable one-year job. For instance, three seasonal tourist jobs lasting four months equal one yearly job.
The estimated 748 jobs account for 5 percent of total employment in Juneau, but only 3 percent of payroll, the report said. The highly seasonal jobs, were they year-round, would pay about half of what Juneau’s average job pays.
The actual number of people employed in cruise-related jobs in the four Southeast towns studied peaked in July 1999 at about 5,100, according to the report.
Juneau fared better in spending by cruise passengers, lines and crew than other towns in the report. The McDowell Group estimated the three groups spent $181 million in Southeast, of which $90 million was spent in Juneau. Passengers accounted for more than 80 percent of the spending, according to the report.
Juneau also came out ahead in the amount of sales taxes collected. The report estimated Juneau collected more than $2.8 million in cruise-related sales taxes. Ketchikan nearly equaled that amount, and Sitka and Haines combined for just more than $1 million collected.
The cruise industry is growing while other parts of Southeast’s economy, such as fishing and fish processing, timber and government have been flat or in decline. The number of cruise passengers grew from 235,000 to nearly 600,000 in the ’90s, a 154 percent increase, the report said.
"It is safe to assume that cruise-related employment has increased in relation to total cruise activity," it said.